Hours per week
Objectives of the course (preferably expressed in terms of learning outcomes and competences: To introduce students to insects of medical importance and the diseases they transmit (such as malaria, and arbovirus), as well as insects of agricultural pests and the economic damage they cause. To describe biology, physiology ecology and genomics of insects, as well as present means used for theirs control and the diseases they transmit, including recent biotechnology-based applications.
Course contents: Insects (introduction): taxonomy, biodiversity, morphology, physiology, biology (development, reproduction, metamorphosis, molting, diapauses), behavior, and communication. Insects of Medical Importance (public health): (a) Mosquitoes (systematic, biology, feeding, immunity), (b) Other insects of medical importance. Population biology and ecology of mosquitoes and insects of medical importance. Diseases and pathogens transmitted by insects and ticks: (a) Arbovirus. Yellow fever, Dengue fever. West Nile Virus. (b) Nematodes. Filariasis (c) Leismaniasis. Ticks. Trypanosome. Tse-tse flies. Chagas disease. Malaria: vectors, epidemiology, means to control. Major agricultural pests (examples) – economic damage. The notion of insect control. Requirements and factors of insect pest control. Biological Control, Chemical Control. Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Insect – plant molecular interaction. Insecticide resistance. Applications of molecular biology and biotechnology in applied entomology. Insects genomics and bioinformatics.