Hours per week
Objectives of the course (preferably expressed in terms of learning outcomes and competences): To learn the fundamentals of animal cell physiology and some of the most important physiological systems of vertebrates.
Course contents: Basic principles of cellular physiology: membrane potential, action potential, ion channels, synaptic transmission, intracellular signalling pathways. Nervous system: Cell types, brain anatomy, blood-brain barrier, sensory systems, neuromuscular junction, spinal reflexes, autonomic nervous system. Muscle: Structure, contraction and mechanics of striated and smooth muscle. Cariovascular system: Cardiac muscle, electrical activity of the heart, cardiac cycle, blood circulation, vascular system. Respiratory system: Anatomy, lung volumes, gas flow, gas exchange. Endocrine systems: Hormones, hypothalamus, pituitary, pancreas, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, regulation of the metabolism, reproduction. Kidney: anatomy, function, hormonal regulation.
The Department of Biology of the University of Crete was established in 1981 and is today an internationally recognized center for contemporary university education and research in the field of Biology.