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Plant Structure

B Semester
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Hours per week




Objectives of the course (preferably expressed in terms of learning outcomes and competences Knowledge focused on the macromolecular structure, plant cell biology and plant structure.

Course contents: Atoms and molecules. Chemical bonds. Organic molecules and polymeric construction. Macromolecular structure. Biomembranes. Plasma membrane and tonoplast. Cytoplasm. Cell vacuole. Plasmolysis. Endoplasmic reticulum and dictyosomes. Mitochondria. Plastids. Chloroplast photodevelopment. Structure of the photosynthetic apparatus. Chemiosmosis. Endosymbiont theory. Chromoplasts. Leucoplasts. Amyloplasts and starch grains. Nucleus and mitosis. Cell division. Synthesis of primary and secondary
cell wall. Pit-fields and plasmodesmata. Plant cell types. Plant tissue types. Meristematic tissue. Parenchematic tissue. Epidermic tissue – trichomes, glands and stomata. Ground tissue (collenchyma and schlerenchyma). Periderm. Vascular tissue (xylem and phloem). Internal structure of primary and secondary stems and roots. Internal structure of leaves and flowers.

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The Department of Biology of the University of Crete was established in 1981 and is today an internationally recognized center for contemporary university education and research in the field of Biology.

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