Hours per week
Objectives of the course (preferably expressed in terms of learning outcomes and competences): The main goal of the course is to offer a global understanding of physics through studying the basic principles. Important part of global understanding is the presentation of the inevitable connection of Physics to Biology and other scientific fields.
Course contents: In order to have a global understanding of the fundamental concepts and queries of physics, all following are studied. Introduction: Measurement units. Vectors. Differentials, derivatives, integrals, partial derivatives. Connection to mathematics. Mechanics: Newton's laws for motion and mass inertia. The concepts of momentum and energy. Circular motion, gravity and the motion of projectiles and satellites. Electricity and magnetism: The concepts of charge, electric field and electric current. Magnetism, magnetic field and electromagnetic induction. The general concept of force, force field and energy. Electromagnetic waves. Thermodynamics: The concepts of temperature, heat and heat convection. The laws of thermodynamics, Carnot engine and the connection to physical chemistry. Phase diagrams, the atomic nature of matter, gases, liquids, solids, plasma. Properties of matter, natural and artificial materials. Connection to geology and material science. Vibrations and waves: The concepts of vibrations and waves. Wave propagation and properties. The sound and light. Light emission and absorption. Colors. Light reflection, refraction and diffraction. The particle and wave nature of light. Modern physics: Special and general theory of relativity. The particle and wave nature of matter. Schrödinger's wave function. The atom, the atomic orbital and the nucleus. The connection to chemistry, quantum chemistry and biology. Radioactivity, nuclear fission and fusion. Particles and principles of astrophysics. Of primary importance is, the understanding of the concepts and queries of physics by the implementation of the absolutely necessary mathematical formalism. The connection to biological queries, concepts and methodologies is constant.